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French election polls: who is leading the race to be the next president of France? | Emmanuel Macron

France will vote to elect a new president on April 10, and the final list of candidates consists of twelve competitors, chief among them the Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen.

The current president, Emmanuel Macron, declared last month that he intends to run for a second term. His second-round opponent from 2017, the far-right Marine Le Pen, had already launched her campaign.

The hard-left Jean-Luc Mélenchon is currently polling in third place.

The right’s Valérie Pécresse, standing for Les Républicains, is vying with the far-right former TV pundit, Eric Zemmour, for fourth place.

They are followed in the polls by the Green’s Yannick Jadot, the Communist party’s Fabien Roussel and the Socialist candidate and mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo.

Would-be candidates had until 4 March to present the 500 signatures of elected officials supporting their run, which the law requires.

A first round is to be held on 10 April, and in the likely event that no candidate receives a majority of the votes, a second round runoff will be held two weeks later, featuring the two leading candidates from the first round.

Polls suggest that the run-off will probably put Macron up against Le Pen, in a re-run of the second round in 2017.

First-round polling, 7-day average

— Zemmour

— Mélenchon

— Jadot

— Hidalgo

  1. 500

    Emmanuel Macron

    La République en Marche

    Latest 7-day average (first-round preferences):

    France’s current president shook up the country’s political scene in 2017 when he ran without the backing of a major party and won. His hastily assembled, centrist République en Marche party went on to win that year’s parliamentary elections too. Macron, a former economy minister under the Socialist president François Hollande, is seen by voters as having leaned towards the centre-right in office.

  2. 500

    Marine Le Pen

    Rassemblement National
    (National rally)

    Latest 7-day average (first-round preferences):

    Le Pen has led a public relations drive to try to sanitise the image of the anti-immigration far-right National Front, which she took over from her father in 2011 and renamed the National Rally in 2018. The party’s score in June’s regional elections was lower than predicted after many of its traditional voters abstained. Le Pen, in her third bid to be president, is campaigning on the party’s traditional line of curbing immigration and ‘keeping France for the French’, as well as the cost of living crisis

  3. 500

    Jean-Luc Mélenchon

    La France Insoumise
    (Unbowed France)

    Latest 7-day average (first-round preferences):

    Mélenchon is a former Socialist who has stood for various leftwing groupings since leaving the party. He stood in the previous two presidential elections, winning more than 10% of the vote each time, and more than the Socialist candidate in 2017.

  4. 500

    Valérie Pécresse

    Les Républicains

    Latest 7-day average (first-round preferences):

    Pécresse was budget minister under Nicolas Sarkozy and is currently the president of the Ile-de-France region, which includes the French capital and surrounding area. She describes herself as ‘two-thirds Angela Merkel and one-third Margaret Thatcher’, and has focussed on crime, immigration and the economy. She is the choice of Les Républicains, having won their primary on December 4.

  5. 500

    Eric Zemmour

    Reconquête

    Latest 7-day average (first-round preferences):

    Zemmour is a far-right TV pundit who has previously been convicted for inciting racial hatred and who promotes controversial views such as the ‘great replacement’ theory that Muslim immigrants will ‘replace’ the populations of European countries.

  6. 500

    Yannick Jadot

    Ecologistes
    (Greens)

    Latest 7-day average (first-round preferences):

    Jadot is the Green candidate. In the presidential election in 2017, he stood down in favour of the Socialist Benoît Hamon.

  7. 500

    Anne Hidalgo

    Socialists

    Latest 7-day average (first-round preferences):

    Hidalgo is the first female mayor of Paris and is in her second term. She is best known for her campaign to reduce the number of cars in the French capital. As presidential candidate for the Socialist party, she has highlighted her working-class, immigrant roots, promising to improve salaries, notably for teachers.

Also in contention

The slate includes 12 candidates, many of whom usually fail to poll more than 3% in surveys. They include Fabien Roussel of the Communist party, who in the last weeks of the campaign was polling more strongly than the Socialist candidate, Anne Hidalgo. Also running are Jean Lasalle of the Resistons! (Resist!) party and Nathalie Arthaud of Lutte Ouvrière (Workers’ Struggle), a former Ford factory worker, Philippe Poutou, for the anti-capitalist Nouveau Parti Anticapitaliste, and the eurosceptic Nicolas Dupont-Aignan.

What about the run-off?

France’s polling organisations also ask respondents how they would vote in a hypothetical second round. For obvious reasons they concentrate on what currently seems the most likely scenario, a re-run of 2017’s Macron-Le Pen vote.

  1. Emmanuel Macron v Marine Le Pen

    This is the core scenario, and therefore the one most commonly polled. Macron’s lead over Le Pen is greater in second-round polling than in responses on first-round choices. In 2017 he inherited over 70% of the other first-round candidate’s votes.

This article is being regularly updated to ensure that it reflects the current situation as well as possible. Any significant corrections made to this or previous versions of the article will continue to be footnoted in line with Guardian editorial policy.

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