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Wednesday, November 9, 2022

How increasing net of license plate readers might be ‘weaponized’ in opposition to abortion | Surveillance

Flock Security, a quickly increasing firm that sells license plate readers to police and neighborhoods throughout the US, has an formidable mission: to eradicate crime.

Since being based in 2017, Flock says it has contracted with greater than 1,200 legislation enforcement companions in additional than 40 states. It offers its companies to greater than 2000 neighborhoods, and is increasing the merchandise it presents past license plate readers to incorporate a gunshot detection system.

Now, privateness advocates are warning that the in depth surveillance community might be weaponized in opposition to folks in search of abortions in states which have enacted bans and restrictions on the follow following the US supreme courtroom’s resolution to repeal federal abortion protections, together with by permitting police to observe abortion clinics and the automobiles which are seen round it.

Expertise like Flock’s might be used to “criminalize folks in search of reproductive well being and additional erode folks’s capability to maneuver about their every day lives free from being tracked and traced”, mentioned Chris Gilliard, a tech fellow at Social Science Analysis Council, an unbiased nonprofit analysis group.

Flock says the supreme courtroom’s resolution on abortion and warnings about how legislation enforcement could use its companies in abortion-related prosecutions haven’t prompted it to rethink its mission: “Flock’s mission as a enterprise is to eradicate crime,” Josh Thomas, the vice chairman of exterior affairs at Flock mentioned. “Our place at Flock stays constant in response to the Dobbs resolution. Our perspective is that we don’t enact legal guidelines, and our mission shouldn’t be particular to any explicit legal guidelines.”

Thomas mentioned the corporate “trusts” and “offers expertise for” the “democratically-elected governing our bodies, and their chosen legislation enforcement personnel, to implement the legal guidelines that they enact”.

“We anticipate cities in California could function in another way than cities in Texas or Illinois or Rhode Island,” he continued. “So it could be inaccurate to characterize Flock as being for or in opposition to any explicit challenge. We help native governments imposing their native legal guidelines.”

License plate reader firms are simply certainly one of a number of tech firms which are dealing with scrutiny for the methods wherein they supply information or expertise to legislation enforcement in search of to prosecute abortion circumstances. In August, for example, Fb got here underneath fireplace for offering Nebraska police with the personal messages between a mom and daughter who had been being investigated for allegedly conducting an unlawful abortion.

The data collected by firms like Flock is especially alarming, consultants say, as a result of it will probably assist police paint a deeply detailed image of the actions of particular automobiles and people.

Abortion activists have increasingly sounded the alarm about surveillance tech.
Abortion activists have more and more sounded the alarm about surveillance tech. {Photograph}: Lenin Nolly/ZUMA Press Wire/REX/Shutterstock

License plate readers, that are often put in on streetlights, freeway overpasses, or police squad vehicles, seize the small print of passing vehicles and assist police maintain monitor of the automobiles that cross by way of sure areas or neighborhoods.

The data is collected in a database, which police can search to see the place sure automobiles have been or what vehicles have been in a sure space throughout a selected timeframe.

Flock’s web site says its merchandise assist seize “goal proof” that’s then run by way of a machine learning-enabled software program that permits the corporate to, for example, assist police establish automobiles that could be touring with the suspected automotive. The corporate says police may also add their very own picture of a automotive and the software program “will match it to automobiles recorded by Flock Security cameras previously 30 days”.

Along with contracting straight with a whole lot of police departments, Flock says in its privacy policy that it might share information the corporate shops with any authorities company in response to authorized requests like subpoenas or warrants.

Flock’s Talon platform, its nationwide legislation enforcement search community, additionally permits police departments it really works with to share their license plate footage with a whole lot of different police departments throughout the nation. Subsequently, legislation enforcement in a state the place abortion is authorized can share information with police in a state the place abortion is banned. For example, in California, the Vallejo police department, which has detected almost 400,000 automobiles within the final month, shares its license plate reader information with legislation enforcement in Texas and Arizona.

Flock says it doesn’t personal the information and factors out that residents can see how the town collects information by way of Flock’s transparency portal.

“The cities and/or legislation enforcement businesses personal the information and so they resolve – not Flock – with whom they share their footage and the way they want to implement their legal guidelines,” Thomas mentioned.

Dave Maass, the director of investigations on the Digital Frontier Basis, a civil liberties group, mentioned he hopes present and potential Flock purchasers in locations the place abortion is authorized will scrutinize the corporate’s stance on abortion legal guidelines and “ask themselves the query: Can I belief this firm with our folks’s information”?

Many surveillance firms pitch their companies as a approach to enhance public security, however “Flock Security’s place illustrates how surveillance isn’t really about benefiting society or defending folks – it’s about imposing the political objectives of these in energy,” he argued.

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