‘Dwelling legends’: Woodland Belief reveals tree of the yr shortlist | Timber and forests

The Escley oak in Herefordshire is likely to be at least 400 to 500 years old.

An oak tree that’s mentioned to have impressed the Chronicles of Narnia is amongst these nominated for the Woodland Belief’s tree of the yr competitors.

The Kilbroney oak is positioned in Kilbroney Park, Northern Eire, the place CS Lewis holidayed as a toddler, later describing it as his imaginative and prescient of Narnia.

This mighty oak is on a shortlist of 12, which has been determined by tree consultants from the Woodland Belief in addition to members of the general public. These bushes have now been recorded for posterity on the charity’s historical tree stock (ATI).

Volunteers nominated lots of of examples on their walks across the UK, sending photographs and details about the contenders to the belief.

Whereas getting the general public to vote for a favorite tree might seem to be a little bit of enjoyable, the belief says the competitors, which is now in its eighth yr, is essential as a result of it highlights uncommon historical and veteran bushes, their function in preventing the local weather disaster and biodiversity loss within the UK, and why defending them is important for the way forward for the planet.

Tom Reed, citizen science officer for the ATI and a choose within the competitors, mentioned: “The passion for historical and veteran bushes and the rising variety of information being submitted to the ATI up to now couple of years confirmed simply how a lot individuals love and worth their bushes.

“We chosen the bushes primarily based on their measurement and significance for his or her species and likewise appeared for bushes steeped in historical past in addition to bushes that had excessive ecological, aesthetic or cultural worth. It’s over to the general public to choose a favorite from that spectacular checklist.”

You will need to report historical bushes when they’re discovered, as we have no idea what number of there are. A examine by the College of Nottingham mentioned there could possibly be 1.7m to 2.1m historical and veteran bushes in England, of which solely 115,000 are on report. Most of those are unlikely to be protected by coverage or laws, so it’s not possible to know what number of are in danger.

Adam Cormack, the Woodland Belief’s head of campaigning, mentioned: “These bushes have important worth. But only a few have authorized safety, which at present solely is available in very particular circumstances, like if a tree occurs to be positioned in a protected wildlife web site. It’s safety by proxy slightly than correct protected heritage standing. In spite of everything, a few of these bushes are greater than a thousand years outdated.

“We consider that now’s the time to provide these dwelling legends the authorized standing they deserve. All of us wish to have the ability assist to guard these great outdated bushes for hundreds of years to return.”

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Final yr’s winner was the Kippford leaning tree, a hawthorn on the west coast of Scotland.

Voting by way of the Woodland Belief web site closes at midday on 31 October. The winner shall be introduced on 4 November and can go on to symbolize the UK on the European tree of the yr 2023.

The Escley oak in Herefordshire is likely to be at least 400 to 500 years old.
The Escley oak in Herefordshire is prone to be not less than 400 to 500 years outdated. {Photograph}: Woodland Belief

The shortlist

1 The Escley oak, Herefordshire

It’s not on any public information however for the previous two yearsit has been one of many largest and oldest oaks on the ATI.

Location Alongside a public footpath north of Shobdon barn, Michaelchurch Escley.

Age Prone to be not less than 400 to 500 years outdated.

2 The Flitton oak, Devon

This spectacular historical oak splays out with eight huge limbs dripping with moss and lichen – a haven for a lot of species.

Location Set in a triangular copse of bushes the place three roads intersect in North Molton, close to Flitton Oak Barns.

Age Estimated to be greater than 700 years outdated.

Holly on the Hill in Hawnby, North Yorkshire, is thought to have been around since the late 19th century.
Holly on the Hill in Hawnby, North Yorkshire, is assumed to have been round for the reason that late nineteenth century. {Photograph}: Woodland Belief

3 Holly on the Hill, Hawnby, North Yorkshire

Unusually, this hanging holly has a broad rounded crown, a clue that its cover might have been harvested for a few years.

Location Alongside a discipline boundary subsequent to a public proper of means that was an outdated bridle street on a primary version of the Ordnance Survey map (1860-1890).

Age Holly bushes can stay for 300 years. However whereas there isn’t any sure lifespan for this specimen, its historical past suggests it may have been round for the reason that late nineteenth century.

4 The Burnbanks oak, Haweswater, Cumbria

The tree’s type suggests it could possibly be an outdated, coppiced tree that was managed for harvesting timber, or the remnant of an oak that has regrown after collapsing up to now.

Location A pocket of historical woodland close to Burnbanks, Haweswater.

Age Sessile oaks can stay for greater than 1,000 years

5 Hedgerow hawthorn, Colton, Cumbria

This beautiful, twisted tree kinds a part of a small line of hawthorn bushes that mark the location of a former land boundary.

Location: The tree in an open discipline on the sting of the Grizedale forest, north-east of Satterthwaite.

Age The land boundary is seen on a primary version OS map, so the tree prone to be between 170 and 200 years outdated.

The largest of the 12 Apostles limes in Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire.
The most important of the 12 Apostles limes in Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire. {Photograph}: Woodland Belief

6 The 12 Apostles lime, Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire

That is the biggest of an avenue of 12 limes planted at St James churchyard to symbolize one of many 12 apostles. Historic sources recommend the unique avenue might have been planted round 1770. A few of the unique bushes have been changed, together with 5 in 1929.

Location South-eastern path main as much as the churchyard in Chipping Campden.

Age Believed to be greater than 250 years outdated.

7 Kilbroney oak, Kilbroney Park, County Down, Northern Eire

The pure panorama of the Kilbroney property is believed to have been the inspiration for the fantasy world within the Chronicles of Narnia.

Location Kilbroney Park, Rostrevor.

Age Greater than 300 years outdated.

8 The Portal tree, Loanhead, Midlothian, Scotland

This hanging rowan has bent over to type a full archway that now has progress sprouting from its prime. Rowans characteristic closely in folklore, however it isn’t recognized if this tree was intentionally educated into this form or fashioned naturally.

Location Publicly accessible, it’s positioned throughout the wider grounds of the ruined Mavisbank Home.

Age: Estimated to have been planted between 1850 and 1880.

9 The Rolls of Monmouth oak, Monmouthshire, Wales

The most important tree on the Nice Oaks golf course within the Rolls of Monmouth property.

Location: Rolls of Monmouth, Monmouthshire.

Age Prone to be greater than 500 years outdated.

Langley Park chestnut in Angus, Scotland, is thought to be older than the 18th century Langley Park House.
Langley Park chestnut in Angus, Scotland, is regarded as older than the 18th century Langley Park Home. {Photograph}: Woodland Belief

10 Langley Park chestnut, Angus, Scotland

A candy chestnut tree throughout the grounds of a Georgian mansion.

Location Langley Park home, Montrose Basin, Angus.

Age Unknown, however it’s virtually definitely as outdated, if not a lot older, than the unique 18th century home.

11 Layering horse chestnut, Kedleston, Derbyshire

This magnificent tree has clearly suffered from trauma up to now, its trunk stands hole and decaying whereas the branches have fallen to its sides. Regardless of this, the tree has survived.

Location Kedleston Corridor, Derbyshire.

Age The precise age is just not recognized however horse chestnuts can stay for as much as 300 years.

12 Waverley Abbey yew, Farnham, Surrey

A spectacular yew, with roots that develop into and across the ruins of the very first monastery to based in Britain 900 years in the past by the Cistercian order.

Location: Throughout the ruins of Waverley Abbey.

Age: The precise age is just not recognized but it surely can’t be greater than 480 years outdated.